Rejected Sources Series

This series of articles looks at various sources which have been claimed to represent bowed string instruments, but have been rejected. Some of these examples are quite well known, and others more obscure. In all cases we seek to explain the reasons why the source does not appear in the iconography database.

c.826 Utrecht Psalter - COMING SOON

Once touted the earliest depiction of bowed stringed instruments, but now widely recognised as incorrect.

c.900-1099 Ceramic plate with k'amancha from Dvin

Mentioned in an article in 1991 following archaeological excavations, this source is said to be one of the earliest sources of bowing. But does it really represent bowing or is there another explanation?

c.1100-1199 Cover of the Lothar Psalter - COMING SOON

Identified by Werner Bachman (who discredited the Utrecht Psalter) as a bowed rote. A case of seeing things that aren't there?

c.1775-1799 Watercolor of musician playing bowed qin(?)

Not a well known source, but the Metropolitan Museum of Art's given title suggests a bowed instrument.